Uses and Effects of Adderall
Uses and Effects of Adderall
Adderall can be a game changer for people with ADHD, but it can also be dangerous, especially for those who do not take it for a medically approved reason. Uses and Effects of Adderall
- Adderall is a commonly prescribed drug to treat ADHD and narcolepsy.
- It increases neurotransmitter activity in the brain and attempts to compensate for deficits in dopamine common in people with ADHD.
- Adderall is frequently abused by people wanting to lose weight or improve their focus and concentration.
- As a Schedule II drug, Adderall carries a high risk of abuse, dependence and addiction.
Adderall is a stimulant medication that comes in two dosage forms: short-acting (Adderall) and long-acting (Adderall XR). The FDA has approved the short-acting form to treat ADHD and narcolepsy, while the long-acting form is only approved for ADHD. Both forms are Schedule II controlled substances, which means they are highly susceptible to abuse, dependence, and addiction. People who are not prescribed Adderall sometimes abuse the drug, wanting to use it for weight loss or increased focus and attention.
Adderall has different effects on people who have ADHD and those who do not. Adderall improves alertness and attention in people with ADHD by increasing the amount of dopamine in the brain. When someone who does not have ADHD takes Adderall, their brain produces an excess of dopamine, causing them to feel high. In addition to feelings of euphoria, a person may experience dangerous physiological effects.
How Does Adderall Affect Your Body?
As a stimulant, Adderall can rev up systems in your body. This may feel similar to when the fight-or-flight reaction is trigger, leading to effects such as:
- Increased heart rate and blood pressure
- Restlessness and irritability
- Wide pupils and blurry vision
Adderall Effects on ADHD
Adderall works on ADHD by reducing impulsivity and improving attention and focus. It helps people with ADHD by increasing dopamine and norepinephrine levels in the brain, which increases central nervous system activity.
People with ADHD have brains with low dopamine function. Taking stimulants like Adderall (which increase the amount of dopamine in the brain) can helpful alleviate symptoms of ADHD, which may include problems with:
- Task completion
- Concentration and focus
- Listening and following directions
- Hyperactive behaviors
- Short attention span
Adderall for Narcolepsy
Short-acting Adderall is approve by the FDA to treat the sleep disorder narcolepsy. A person with narcolepsy may feel sleepy during the day and may fall asleep involuntarily at inconvenient times. Adderall may help them stay awake and regulate their sleep-wake cycle.
Taking Adderall without ADHD
Doctors may sometimes prescribe Adderall for medical conditions other than ADHD or narcolepsy, such as to help with treatment-resistant depression.
Adderall is also commonly abused or obtained without a prescription. It is one of the most commonly abused prescription drugs in the United States, and it is frequently used to help people study, accomplish more, or feel more sociable. It is not uncommon for students to use the drug around exam time or to perform well in school on college campuses across the United States. Young professionals may do the same thing to get ahead in their careers.
What Does Adderall Do If You Don’t Have ADHD?
Adderall isn’t a performance-enhancing medication. It instead works to compensate for attention deficits. A person who does not have ADHD does not have these deficits; they have adequate levels of neurotransmitters and a normal prefrontal cortex. When someone who does not have ADHD takes Adderall, their bodies become overloaded with dopamine and norepinephrine. Excess dopamine can disturb brain communication and cause euphoria instead of having the calming effect it would typically have on a person with ADHD.
When people become dependent on Adderall, they will believe that they must continue to use the drug in order to be productive and attentive. Individuals may take Adderall in higher doses or more frequently than prescribed, crush and snort the drug, obtain it illegally, or consume it for recreational purposes. A person’s brain chemistry may change as they chase feelings of euphoria, causing them to take higher doses of Adderall. Long-term use and high doses of Adderall can have more severe side effects, including cardiovascular problems.
Side Effects of Taking Adderall Without ADHD
Because Adderall is design to help the brains of people with ADHD, misusing the drug may increase the risk of side effects. Physical and psychological side effects may include:
- Decreased, or non-existent, appetite
- High blood pressure
- Increased heart rate
- Insomnia or diminished sleep
- Hostility and aggression
- Paranoia and anxiety
- Sadness and mood swings
If you take Adderall, it is important not to quit cold turkey. People may experience Adderall withdrawal symptoms if they stop taking the drug.